Sources of Water
IPSA takes its water from wells properly registered with the national water agency Autoridad del Agua, a division of Peru’s Ministerio de Agricultura. Both chemical and microbiological water quality studies are performed periodically on water for the packing plants and for irrigating the crops.
Liquid Effluent Management
Water is used in the asparagus packing plant for washing the product and the plant itself. Waste water with low organic material content is used for irrigation. Domestic type effluent from the washrooms empties into septic tanks from which it is pumped by authorized companies.
Other hazardous liquid effluents such as used oils are removed for final disposal by companies authorized by the environmental health office Dirección General de Salud Ambiental (DIGESA), a division of Peru’s Ministerio de Salud.
Solid Waste Management
The principal solid waste produced in the fields is plant waste from agricultural activities. IPSA uses this plant material to produce compost. This has significant advantages for the soil, improving its physical, chemical, and microbiological structure, as well as for the atmosphere in that it reduces the emission of greenhouse gases (methane). The plant waste from the asparagus processing plant is used as feed for dairy cows.
Empty containers from the chemicals that are used on the crops and are suitable for reuse are triple washed and removed by an organization that uses them. Containers that cannot be reused, along with expired products, used uniforms and protective gear, used PVC boots, application equipment that is no longer used, and any other item considered hazardous are disposed of through a service provider company authorized for the purpose.
Uncontaminated materials that are not recyclable or reusable (metals, plastic, wood, paper) are removed by recycling companies. Used vehicle and machinery batteries are recycled. Non-hazardous waste is sent to the municipal dump. The environmental plan details the origin, classification, and ultimate destination of each type of solid waste.
Handling of Hazardous Materials
Chemical products are handled by specialized personnel, both in storage and when used in the field. Personnel receive training and have all the necessary safety equipment. Chemical product storage areas are locked, have impermeable floors and spill containment systems, and adequate ventilation.